GlobeNewswire

Niu Technologies Announces Third Quarter 2023 Financial Results

-- Third Quarter Total Volume of e-scooter sales down 17.1% year over year

-- Third Quarter Revenues of RMB 927.0 million, down 19.6% year over year

-- Third Quarter Net Loss of RMB 79.4 million, compared to Net Income of RMB 2.9 million in the same period of last year

BEIJING, Nov. 20, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Niu Technologies (“NIU”, or “the Company”) (NASDAQ: NIU), the world’s leading provider of smart urban mobility solutions, today announced its financial results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2023.

Third Quarter 2023 Financial Highlights

  • Revenues were RMB 927.0 million, a decrease of 19.6% year over year
  • Gross margin was 21.4%, compared with 22.1% in the third quarter of last year
  • Net loss was RMB 79.4 million, compared with net income of RMB 2.9 million in the third quarter of last year
  • Adjusted net loss (non-GAAP)1 was RMB 70.0 million, compared with adjusted net income of RMB 20.2 million in the third quarter of last year

Third Quarter 2023 Operating Highlights

  • The number of e-scooters sold was 265,923, down 17.1% year over year
  • The number of e-scooters sold in China was 230,455, down 12.4% year over year
  • The number of e-scooters sold in the international markets was 35,468, down 38.4% year over year
  • The number of franchised stores in China was 2,834 as of September 30, 2023
  • International sales network expanded to 55 distributors covering 53 countries as of September 30, 2023

Other Highlights

Dr. Yan Li, Chief Executive Officer of the Company, commented: “The conservative spending behavior of Chinese consumers has impacted the demand for our premium series products. However, we have swiftly re-positioned our products into two distinct market segments: premium market and mass-premium market. During the third quarter, we witnessed robust demand in the mass-premium market, and our newly launched products in this segment have been well-received by customers. However, this strategic shift will take some time to fully materialize into increased sales.

Our newly introduced carbon fiber kick-scooter has greatly bolstered our KQi series, while also laying a solid foundation for our global expansion. As the micro-mobility category continues to gain momentum in international markets, our enriched product portfolio will position NIU well for sustainable long-term growth in the future.”

Third Quarter 2023 Financial Results

Revenues were RMB 927.0 million, a decrease of 19.6% year over year, due to decreased sales volume of 17.1%, and decreased revenues per e-scooter of 3.0%. The following table shows the revenues breakdown and revenues per e-scooter in the periods presented:

Revenues
(in RMB million)
 2023
Q3
 2022
Q3
 % change YoY
E-scooter sales from China market 710.9 859.2 -17.3%
E-scooter sales from international markets 121.7 195.1 -37.6%
E-scooter sales, sub-total 832.6 1,054.3 -21.0%
Accessories, spare parts and services 94.4 98.9 -4.5%
Total 927.0 1,153.2 -19.6%


Revenues per e-scooter
(in RMB)
 2023
Q3
 2022
Q3
 % change
YoY
E-scooter sales from China market2 3,085 3,265 -5.5%
E-scooter sales from international markets2 3,430 3,386 +1.3%
E-scooter sales 3,131 3,287 -4.7%
Accessories, spare parts and services3 355 308 +15.3%
Revenues per e-scooter 3,486 3,595 -3.0%
        
  • E-scooter sales revenues from China market were RMB 710.9 million, a decrease of 17.3%, and represented 85.4% of total e-scooter revenues. The decrease was mainly due to the decline in sales volume of premium series, partially offset by the increased sales volume and revenues of mass-premium series in China market.
  • E-scooter sales revenues from international markets were RMB 121.7 million, a decrease of 37.6%, and represented 14.6% of total e-scooter revenues. The decrease was mainly due to the decline in sales volume in international markets.
  • Accessories, spare parts sales and services revenues were RMB 94.4 million, a decrease of 4.5% and represented 10.2% of total revenues. The decrease was mainly due to the overseas battery pack sales reduction.
  • Revenues per e-scooter decreased by 3.0% year over year, was mainly due to the increased proportion of mass-premium series in China market, partially offset by the increased revenues per e-scooter in international markets.

Cost of revenues was RMB 729.1 million, a decrease of 18.8% year over year, mainly due to the decline in sales volume. The cost per e-scooter, defined as cost of revenues divided by the number of e-scooters sold in a specified period, was RMB 2,742, down 2.1% from RMB 2,800 in the third quarter 2022, mainly due to the decreased cost of battery packs and the increased proportion of mass-premium series in China market.

Gross margin was 21.4%, compared with 22.1% in the same period of 2022. The decrease was mainly due to the increased proportion of mass-premium series in China market, and the decline in sales volume of e-motorcycles and e-mopeds in international markets.

Operating expenses were RMB 288.5 million, an increase of 9.4% from the same period of 2022. Operating expenses as a percentage of revenues was 31.1%, compared with 22.9% in the third quarter of 2022.

  • Selling and marketing expenses were RMB 122.7 million (including RMB 2.4 million of share-based compensation), a decrease of 28.0% from RMB 170.4 million in the third quarter of 2022, mainly due to a decrease of RMB 59.2 million in advertising and promotion activities. Selling and marketing expenses as a percentage of revenues was 13.2% compared with 14.8% in the third quarter of 2022.
  • Research and development expenses were RMB 39.1 million (including RMB 3.6 million of share-based compensation), a decrease of 21.6% from RMB 49.8 million in the third quarter of 2022, mainly due to the decrease in share-based compensation expenses of RMB 3.7 million, the decrease in staff cost of RMB 2.7 million, and the decrease in design expense and system development professional fee of RMB 3.3 million. Research and development expenses as a percentage of revenues was 4.2%, compared with 4.3% in the third quarter of 2022.
  • General and administrative expenses were RMB 126.8 million (including RMB 3.2 million of share-based compensation), an increase of 190.9% from RMB 43.6 million in the third quarter of 2022, mainly due to the increase in provision for credit losses of RMB 88.0 million, partially offset by the decrease in staff cost of RMB 2.6 million and the decrease in share-based compensation expenses of RMB 2.1 million. General and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues was 13.7%, compared with 3.8% in the third quarter of 2022.

Operating expenses excluding share-based compensation were RMB 279.4 million, increased by 13.2% year over year, and represented 30.1% of revenues, compared with 21.4% in the third quarter of 2022.

  • Selling and marketing expenses excluding share-based compensation were RMB 120.3 million, a decrease of 27.5% year over year, and represented 13.0% of revenues, compared with 14.4% in the third quarter of 2022.
  • Research and development expenses excluding share-based compensation were RMB 35.5 million, a decrease of 16.6% year over year, and represented 3.8% of revenues, compared with 3.7% in the third quarter of 2022.
  • General and administrative expenses excluding share-based compensation were RMB 123.6 million, an increase of 222.6% year over year, and represented 13.3% of revenues, compared with 3.3% in the third quarter of 2022.

Government grants were RMB 1.1 million, compared with RMB 0.9 million in the same period of 2022.

Share-based compensation expenses were RMB 9.5 million, compared with RMB 17.3 million in the same period of 2022.

Income tax expense was RMB 0.2 million, compared with income tax benefit of RMB 6.6 million in the same period of 2022.

Net loss was RMB 79.4 million, compared with net income of RMB 2.9 million in the third quarter of 2022. The net loss margin was 8.6%, compared with net income margin of 0.3% in the same period of 2022.

Adjusted net loss (non-GAAP) was RMB 70.0 million, compared with adjusted net income of RMB 20.2 million in the third quarter of 2022. The adjusted net loss margin4 was 7.5%, compared with adjusted net income margin of 1.7% in the same period of 2022.

Basic and diluted net loss per ADS were both RMB 1.01 (US$ 0.14).

Balance Sheet
As of September 30, 2023, the Company had cash, cash equivalents, term deposits and short-term investments of RMB 1,280.9 million in aggregate. The Company had restricted cash of RMB 109.0 million and short-term bank borrowings of RMB 100.0 million.

Business Outlook
NIU expects revenues of the fourth quarter 2023 to be in the range of RMB 490 million to RMB 612 million, representing a year-over-year decrease of 20% to 0%.

The above outlook is based on information available as of the date of this press release and reflects the Company’s current and preliminary expectation and is subject to change.

Conference Call

The Company will host an earnings conference call on Monday, November 20, 2023 at 8:00 AM U.S. Eastern Time (9:00 PM Beijing/Hong Kong Time) to discuss its third quarter 2023 financial and business results and provide a corporate update.

To join via phone, participants need to register in advance of the conference call using the link provided below. Upon registration, participants will receive dial-in numbers and a personal PIN, which will be used to join the conference call.

Event:Niu Technologies Third Quarter 2023 Earnings Conference Call
Registration Link:https://register.vevent.com/register/BI8328e6e1595f495f96469ca37648b8d2
  

A live and archived webcast of the conference call will be available on the investor relations website at https://ir.niu.com/news-and-events/webcasts-and-presentations.

About NIU

As the world’s leading provider of smart urban mobility solutions, NIU designs, manufactures and sells high-performance electric motorcycles, mopeds, bicycles and kick-scooters. NIU has a diversified product portfolio that caters to the various demands of our users and addresses different urban travel scenarios. NIU’s product portfolio comprises its (i) six electric scooter and motorcycle series, RQi, NQi, MQi, SQi, UQi, and Gova, and (ii) two micro-mobility series, including kick-scooter series, KQi, and e-bike series, BQi. NIU has adopted an omnichannel retail model, integrating the offline and online channels, to sell its products and provide services. For more information, please visit www.niu.com.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To supplement NIU’s consolidated financial results presented in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”), NIU uses the following non-GAAP financial measures: adjusted net income (loss) and adjusted net income (loss) margin. The presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. NIU believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide meaningful supplemental information regarding its performance and liquidity by excluding certain items that may not be indicative of its operating results. The Company believes that both management and investors benefit from referring to these non-GAAP financial measures in assessing its performance and when planning and forecasting future periods. These non-GAAP financial measures also facilitate management’s internal comparisons to NIU’s historical performance. The Company believes these non-GAAP financial measures are useful to investors in allowing for greater transparency with respect to supplemental information used by management in its financial and operational decision making. A limitation of using these non-GAAP financial measures is that these non-GAAP measures exclude certain items that have been and will continue to be for the foreseeable future a significant component in the Company’s results of operations. These non-GAAP financial measures presented here may not be comparable to similarly titled measures presented by other companies. Other companies may calculate similarly titled measures differently, limiting their usefulness as comparative measures to the Company’s data.

Adjusted net income (loss) is defined as net income (loss) excluding share-based compensation expenses. Adjusted net income (loss) margin is defined as adjusted net income (loss) as a percentage of the revenues.

For more information on non-GAAP financial measures, please see the tables captioned “Reconciliation of GAAP and Non-GAAP Results”.

Exchange Rate

This announcement contains translations of certain RMB amounts into U.S. dollars (“US$”) at specified rates solely for the convenience of the readers. Unless otherwise stated, all translations from RMB to US$ were made at the rate of RMB 7.2960 to US$ 1.00, the exchange rate in effect as of September 29, 2023, as set forth in the H.10 Statistical release of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. The Company makes no representation that the RMB or US$ amounts referred could be converted into US$ or RMB, as the case may be, at any particular rate or at all.

Safe Harbor Statement

This press release contains forward-looking statements. These statements are made under the “safe harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “will,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “aims,” “future,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” “likely to” and similar statements. Among other things, the business outlook and quotations from management in this announcement, as well as NIU’s strategic and operational plans, contain forward-looking statements. NIU may also make written or oral forward-looking statements in its periodic reports to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, in its annual report to shareholders, in press releases and other written materials and in oral statements made by its officers, directors or employees to third parties. Statements that are not historical facts, including statements about NIU’s beliefs, plans and expectations, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties. A number of factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement, including but not limited to the following: NIU’s strategies; NIU’s future business development, financial condition and results of operations; NIU’s ability to maintain and enhance its “NIU” brand; its ability to innovate and successfully launch new products and services; its ability to maintain and expand its offline distribution network; its ability to satisfy the mandated safety standards relating to e-scooters; its ability to secure supply of components and raw materials used in e-scooters; its ability to manufacture, launch and sell smart e-scooters meeting customer expectations; its ability to grow collaboration with operation partners; its ability to control costs associated with its operations; general economic and business conditions in China and globally; and assumptions underlying or related to any of the foregoing. Further information regarding these and other risks is included in NIU’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. All information provided in this press release is as of the date of this press release, and NIU does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement, except as required under applicable law.

Investor Relations Contact:

Niu Technologies
E-mail: ir@niu.com

 
NIU TECHNOLOGIES
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
      
 As of
 December 31, September 30, September 30,
 2022  2023  2023 
  RMB   RMB  US$
ASSETS     
Current assets     
Cash and cash equivalents534,286,849  761,816,056  104,415,578 
Term deposits-current208,589,770  248,827,920  34,104,704 
Restricted cash186,340,321  108,995,798  14,939,117 
Short-term investments160,406,301  270,229,068  37,037,975 
Accounts receivable, net299,742,923  164,149,449  22,498,554 
Inventories417,009,148  396,991,280  54,412,182 
Prepayments and other current assets205,695,717  196,741,111  26,965,613 
Total current assets2,012,071,029  2,147,750,682  294,373,723 
      
Non-current assets     
Term deposits-non-current20,000,000  -  - 
Property, plant and equipment, net397,356,795  343,320,537  47,055,995 
Intangible assets, net1,857,320  1,375,029  188,463 
Operating lease right-of-use assets86,597,121  81,456,063  11,164,482 
Deferred income tax assets6,132,499  7,629,905  1,045,765 
Other non-current assets12,683,090  12,050,681  1,651,683 
Total non-current assets524,626,825  445,832,215  61,106,388 
      
Total assets2,536,697,854  2,593,582,897  355,480,111 
      
LIABILITIES     
Current liabilities     
Short-term bank borrowings160,000,000  100,000,000  13,706,140 
Notes payable316,832,113  252,712,933  34,637,189 
Accounts payable459,466,937  751,393,695  102,987,074 
Income taxes payable1,898,065  3,060,348  419,456 
Advances from customers24,931,897  22,428,017  3,074,015 
Deferred revenue-current37,539,733  42,404,843  5,812,067 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities192,092,943  168,619,363  23,111,208 
Total current liabilities1,192,761,688  1,340,619,199  183,747,149 
      
Deferred revenue-non-current11,429,500  12,787,438  1,752,664 
Deferred income tax liabilities1,398,279  3,768,388  516,501 
Operating lease liabilities7,569,128  2,993,449  410,286 
Other non-current liabilities13,441,382  12,116,661  1,660,727 
Total non-current liabilities33,838,289  31,665,936  4,340,178 
      
Total liabilities1,226,599,977  1,372,285,135  188,087,327 
      
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY:     
Class A ordinary shares89,428  89,912  12,323 
Class B ordinary shares10,316  10,316  1,414 
Additional paid-in capital1,915,825,641  1,956,193,614  268,118,642 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(16,536,686) (4,039,188) (553,617)
Accumulated deficit(589,290,822) (730,956,892) (100,185,978)
Total shareholders’ equity1,310,097,877  1,221,297,762  167,392,784 
      
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity2,536,697,854  2,593,582,897  355,480,111 
      


NIU TECHNOLOGIES
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
                
 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2022 2023  2022 2023
 RMB  RMB US$  RMB  RMB US$ 
Revenues1,153,228,324  927,022,630 127,059,023  2,556,326,141  2,173,069,852 297,844,004 
Cost of revenues(a)(898,390,604) (729,071,439)(99,927,555) (2,024,178,935) (1,693,267,053)(232,081,559)
Gross profit254,837,720  197,951,191 27,131,468  532,147,206  479,802,799 65,762,445 
                
Operating expenses:               
Selling and marketing expenses(a)(170,366,673) (122,663,357)(16,812,412) (332,945,056) (304,565,382)(41,744,159)
Research and development expenses(a)(49,836,811) (39,059,530)(5,353,554) (136,136,221) (115,351,728)(15,810,270)
General and administrative expenses(a)(43,602,146) (126,821,515)(17,382,335) (110,687,106) (225,122,249)(30,855,571)
Total operating expenses(263,805,630) (288,544,402)(39,548,301) (579,768,383) (645,039,359)(88,410,000)
Government grants882,000  1,070,500 146,724  1,405,038  1,897,473 260,070 
Operating loss(8,085,910) (89,522,711)(12,270,109) (46,216,139) (163,339,087)(22,387,485)
                
Interest expenses(1,459,041) (524,748)(71,923) (4,377,943) (606,268)(83,096)
Interest income4,740,673  10,282,848 1,409,382  6,850,450  25,545,664 3,501,325 
Investment income1,043,509  558,506 76,550  9,338,859  985,342 135,052 
Loss before income taxes(3,760,769) (79,206,105)(10,856,100) (34,404,773) (137,414,349)(18,834,204)
Income tax benefit (expense)6,644,058  (216,221)(29,636) 22,074,153  (4,251,721)(582,747)
Net income (loss)2,883,289  (79,422,326)(10,885,736) (12,330,620) (141,666,070)(19,416,951)
                
Other comprehensive income (loss)               
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of nil income taxes23,943,587  (2,644,910)(362,515) 45,355,827  12,842,854 1,760,260 
Unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities, net of reclassification(484,817) - -  (2,952,087) (345,356)(47,335)
Comprehensive income (loss)26,342,059  (82,067,236)(11,248,251) 30,073,120  (129,168,572)(17,704,026)
Net income (loss) per ordinary share               
—Basic0.02  (0.51)(0.07) (0.08) (0.90)(0.12)
—Diluted0.02  (0.51)(0.07) (0.08) (0.90)(0.12)
Net income (loss) per ADS               
—Basic0.04  (1.01)(0.14) (0.16) (1.81)(0.25)
—Diluted0.04  (1.01)(0.14) (0.16) (1.81)(0.25)
                
Weighted average number of ordinary shares and ordinary shares equivalents outstanding used in computing net income (loss) per ordinary share      
—Basic155,324,512  157,165,708 157,165,708  155,035,083  156,594,219 156,594,219 
—Diluted157,286,138  157,165,708 157,165,708  155,035,083  156,594,219 156,594,219 
Weighted average number of ADS outstanding used in computing net income (loss) per ADS               
—Basic77,662,256  78,582,854 78,582,854  77,517,542  78,297,110 78,297,110 
—Diluted78,643,069  78,582,854 78,582,854  77,517,542  78,297,110 78,297,110 
                
Note:               
(a) Includes share-based compensation expenses as follows:         
 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2022 2023 2022 2023
 RMB  RMB US$  RMB  RMB US$ 
Cost of revenues320,653  311,157 42,648  913,725  902,677 123,722 
Selling and marketing expenses4,410,641  2,374,275 325,421  12,749,192  8,207,677 1,124,956 
Research and development expenses7,272,800  3,550,989 486,704  19,179,452  18,656,349 2,557,065 
General and administrative expenses5,287,282  3,224,049 441,893  14,486,283  12,152,242 1,665,603 
Total share-based compensation expenses17,291,376  9,460,470 1,296,666  47,328,652  39,918,945 5,471,346 
                
NIU TECHNOLOGIES
RECONCILIATION OF GAAP AND NON-GAAP RESULTS
                
 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2022  2023    2022    2023 
 RMB  RMB US$  RMB  RMB US$ 
Net income (loss)2,883,289  (79,422,326)(10,885,736) (12,330,620) (141,666,070)(19,416,951)
Add:               
Share-based compensation expenses17,291,376  9,460,470 1,296,666  47,328,652  39,918,945 5,471,346 
Adjusted net income (loss)20,174,665  (69,961,856)(9,589,070) 34,998,032  (101,747,125)(13,945,605)
                

_______________________

1 Adjusted net income (loss) (non-GAAP) is defined as net income (loss) excluding share-based compensation expenses
2 Revenues per e-scooter on e-scooter sales from China or international markets is defined as e-scooter sales revenues from China or international markets divided by the number of e-scooters sold in China or international markets in a specific period
3 Revenues per e-scooter on accessories, spare parts and services is defined as accessories, spare parts and services revenues divided by the total number of e-scooters sold in a specific period
4 Adjusted net income (loss) margin is defined as adjusted net income (loss) (non-GAAP) as a percentage of the revenues


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